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2011年7月24日 星期日

Thesis Statements(論文陳述)


Thesis statement告訴讀者本文章的主題以及作者的論點為何。Thesis statement應該包含兩部份:


第一部份陳述主題 (The first part states the topic)
例如:
登山導覽系統
智慧家庭的配線系統
智慧感測模組


第二部份陳述論文的觀點 (The second part states the point of the thesis)
例如:
包含知識性與安全性
兼顧實用性與經濟性
解決複雜配線與系統整合問題


或是說第二部份只是單純的列出3個要導論的主要論點
例如:
具有導航、景點解說、與緊急求救功能
兼顧實用性,經濟性,以及多樣性的特點
整合多個常用感測器於單一模組,經由網路取得資料,以及內建網頁伺服器等


Writing in college often takes the form of persuasion—convincing others that you have an interesting, logical point of view on the subject you are studying. Persuasion is a skill you practice regularly in your daily life. You persuade your roommate to clean up, your parents to let you borrow the car, your friend to vote for your favorite candidate or policy. In college, course assignments often ask you to make a persuasive case in writing. You are asked to convince your reader of your point of view. This form of persuasion, often called academic argument, follows a predictable pattern in writing. After a brief introduction of your topic, you state your point of view on the topic directly and often in one sentence. This sentence is the thesis statement, and it serves as a summary of the argument you'll make in the rest of your paper.


A thesis statement:
  1. tells the reader how you will interpret the significance of the subject matter under discussion.
  2. is a road map for the paper; in other words, it tells the reader what to expect from the rest of the paper.
  3. directly answers the question asked of you. A thesis is an interpretation of a question or subject, not the subject itself. The subject, or topic, of an essay might be World War II or Moby Dick; a thesis must then offer a way to understand the war or the novel.
  4. makes a claim that others might dispute.
  5. is usually a single sentence somewhere in your first paragraph that presents your argument to the reader. The rest of the paper, the body of the essay, gathers and organizes evidence that will persuade the reader of the logic of your interpretation.
 [source: The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill]

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